In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to start a browser after booting on the raspberry pi.
- Disable login
In case you want the browser to start without having to log in, apply the following steps:
sudo vi /etc/inittab
Comment this line …
1:2345:respawn:/sbin/getty 115200 tty
… like this.
#1:2345:respawn:/sbin/getty 115200 tty1
Add the following line:
1:2345:respawn:/bin/login -f pi tty1 </dev/tty1 >/dev/tty1 2>&1
Save and exit vi with :wq.
- Start X server after boot
Edit this file:
sudo vi /etc/rc.local
And add the following line before the line ‘exit 0’.
su -l pi -c startx
Save and quit vi.
- Autostarting bash script
Let’s create a bash script that should be executed after startup. Here we shall place the command to execute the browser. Of course, you can extend this script as you like.
Now add the following code to start the browser midori in fullscreen mode pointing at the adress www.bbc.co.uk.
#!/usr/bin/sh midori -e Fullscreen -a www.bbc.co.uk &
Make your bash script executable.
sudo chmod +x /home/pi/start.sh
Add the script execution to your LXDE autostart file.
sudo vi /etc/xdg/lxsession/LXDE/autostart
Add the line
That’s it! You’re good to go. Try rebooting.
- Optional steps
You may notice your screen going black or a screensaver starting which might not be what you want for your application. Luckily, you can change this in a few easy steps.
Install the package x11-xserver-utils.
sudo apt-get install x11-xserver-utils
Now edit the autostart file again. Uncomment the screensaver and add a few lines. Your file should look something like this.
@lxpanel --profile LXDE @pcmanfm --desktop --profile LXDE #@xscreensaver -no-splash @xset s off @xset -dpms @xset s noblank @sh /home/pi/start.sh
Your screen should stay on permanently.
If you would like to hide the mouse, install the tool unclutter and add the following line to the top of the start.sh:
unclutter -idle 5 &